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Blue Tilapia

Blue Tilapia – also known as Oreochromis Aureus, Sarotherodon Aurea, Tilapia Aurea, and Isreali Tilapia – is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family. Tilapia are the most popular fish species used in aquaponics due to their ability to breed easily, grow fast, and withstand a variety of water conditions. Tilapia is also the most popular fish for home and commercial projects raising edible fish. Blue Tilapia work great in aquaponics systems as they serve as a natural biological control for most aquatic plant problems.

Blue Tilapia begin to spawn when water temperatures reach 68°F and above. Tilapia are mouth brooders, which means the female will collect the eggs in her mouth to maintain them until hatching. Brood sizes can range from 100 to 2,000 eggs, depending on the size of the female.

The Blue Tilapia is a freshwater fish with a high tolerance for brackish and colder water. Adults are usually 10 to 18 inches in length and can weigh 2 to 6 pounds. The largest Blue Tilapia recorded was a whopping 21 inches and weighed in at just over 9 pounds! Optimal temperatures for raising Tilapia range from 60
° to 86° F with maximum temperatures (low to high) ranging from 47° to 106° F. Tilapia primarily feed on plankton, detritus on the bottom of the tank, and vegetation such as duckweed, water hyacinth, and algae.

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